What security obligations are imposed on data controllers and data processors?
Security requirements may not always be included in the data protection law, but are key to guaranteeing lawful processing of personal data. The entity processing the data must take all useful precautions with respect to the nature of the data and the risk presented by the processing, to preserve the security of the data and prevent alteration, corruption or access by unauthorized third parties. Appropriate technical and organizational measures should be implemented to ensure a level of security appropriate to the risk.
Saudi Arabia does not have security requirements specific to processing employee data. That said, employers should follow general best practices to comply with the right to the privacy of communications (Law of Governance, Art. 40). In addition, employers should take steps to protect the unlawful disclosure of any information which may be deemed as sensitive or personal, particularly information relating to an individual's private or familial life, in line with Shari’ah principles (which Saudi Arabia’s general laws are based on).
HR Best Practices: Ensure contracts with service providers detail the security and confidentiality measures that will be implemented. In addition, regularly train employees who may have access to personal information to ensure that they are following all technical and organizational security measures that have been put in place.